List of publiCations

Last update: Oct. 2017


To be added:

  • Publication of Yehia about the results of the validation of HelioClim-3 version 4, version 5 and CAMS radiation service for a few stations in Egypt. Add also the results on the validation page.
  • Idem concerning the communication of Mathilde at EMS 2016, about the validation with Oman stations. Update the validation pages as well.
  • Good article on spatial and temporal variability : Perez et al.
(Alphabetic order - reverse chronological order) Keywords
Abdel Wahab et al. 2009 Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefèvre M., Oumbe A. and Wald L., 2009. "Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images", International Journal of Remote Sensing , 31(01) , 261 - 280 . doi: 10.108 0/01431160902882645 Heliosat-2, HelioClim-1

Content: Correction of the irradiation with altitude (SRTM).

Albarelo et al. 2015 Albarelo T., I. Marie Joseph, A. Primerose, F. Seyler, L. Linguet, L. Wald, 2015. "Optimizing the Heliosat-II method for surface solar irradiation estimation with GOES images. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing", 41, 86-100, 2015, doi: 10.1080/07038992.2015.1040876. Heliosat-2


Bauer 1996 Bauer O., 1996. Les échanges océan-atmosphère dans l'Atlantique subtropical nord-est : apports de Meteosat. Thèse de Doctorat, Université de Nice - Sophia Antipolis, 162 p. Heliosat


Beyer et al. 1997 Beyer H.-G., Czeplak G., Terzenbach U., Wald L., 1997. "Assessment of the method used to construct clearness index maps for the new European solar radiation atlas (ESRA)". Solar Energy, 61, 6, 389-397. doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(97)00084-4 ESRA (clear-sky model and Linke)


Beyer et al. 1996 Beyer H.-G., Costanzo C., Heinemann D., 1996. "Modifications of the Heliosat procedure for irradiance estimates from satellite images". Solar Energy, 56, 3, p. 207-212. Heliosat-2


Beyer et al. 1995 Beyer H. G., Costanzo C., Reise C., 1995. "Multiresolution analysis of satellite-derived irradiance maps - an evaluation of a new tool for the spatial characterization of hourly irradiance fields". Solar Energy, 55, 1, 9-20. Multiresolution analysis


Blanc and Wald 2016 Blanc P. and Wald L., 2016. "On the effective solar zenith and azimuth angles to use with measurements of hourly irradiation". Advances in Science and Research, 13, 1-6, 2016, doi:10.5194/asr-1-1-2016. Solar zenith angle


Blanc and Wald 2015 Blanc P., L. Wald, 2015. "L'estimation du rayonnement solaire au sol par la nouvelle méthode Heliosat-4". La Météorologie, 90, 53-61, 2015. Heliosat-4


Blanc et al. 2014 Blanc P.,B. Espinar, N. Geuder, C. Gueymard, R. Meyer, R. Pitz-Paal, B. Reinhardt, D. Renné, M. Sengupta, L. Wald, S. Wilbert, 2014. "Direct Normal Irradiance Related Definitions and Applications: The Circumsolar Issue", Solar Energy, 110, 561–577. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2014.10.001 DNI,  circumsolar

Content: This article deals with the influence of circumsolar on the radiation components.

Blanc et al. 2014 Blanc P., Gschwind B., Lefevre M., Wald L., 2014. "Twelve monthly maps of ground albedo parameters derived from MODIS data sets". In Proceedings of IGARSS 2014, held 13-18 July 2014, Quebec, Canada, USBKey, pp. 3270-3272. Ground reflectance / albedo


Blanc and Wald 2012

Blanc, P., and L. Wald, 2012. "The SG2 algorithm for a fast and accurate computation of the position of the sun for multi-decadal time period", Solar Energy, 88, 3072-3083, 2012, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2012.07.018.

Solar Geometry 2


Blanc et al. 2011 Blanc P., B. Gschwind, L. Ménard, and L. Wald, 2011. "Satellite-based estimation of surface solar irradiance", June 21st 2011, SPIE Newsroom. <DOI: 10.1117/2.1201105.003735> Generalities on SoDa and HelioClim


Blanc et al. 2011 Blanc Ph., Gschwind B., Lefèvre M., Wald L., 2011. "The HelioClim project: Surface solar irradiance data for climate applications" Remote Sensing, 2011, 3, 343-361. doi:10.3390/rs3020343 HelioClim in general


Blanc et al. 2011

Blanc, Ph., Gschwind, B., Lefèvre, M., Wald, F., Wald, L., 2011. "Validating Meteosat-derived surface solar irradiance in Mozambique". In Proceedings of the 30th Symposium of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories, Ed. Halounova L., held in Prague, Czech Republic, 30 May – 2 June 2011, available at, vol. ‘Thermal Remote Sensing', pp. 561-568.



Boilley et al. 2016

Boilley A., C. Thomas, M. Marchand, E. Wey, P. Blanc Philippe, 2016. "The Solar Forecast Similarity Method: a new method to compute solar radiation forecasts for the next day". SHC 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, 2-4 December 2015. Energy Procedia, 91, 1018-1023, 2016.

HC3v4 solar forecast similarity method


Boilley and Wald 2015

Boilley A., Wald L., 2015. "Comparison between meteorological re-analyses from ERA-Interim and MERRA and measurements of daily solar irradiation at surface". Renewable Energy, 75, 135-143, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.09.042.



Bois et al. 2008

Bois B., Wald L., Pieri P., Van Leeuwen C., Commagnac L., Chery Ph., Christen M., Gaudillère J.-P., Saur E., 2008. "Estimating spatial and temporal variations in solar radiation within bordeaux winegrowing region using remotely sensed data". Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 42, 15-25.



Bois et al. 2008

Bois B., Pieri P., Van Leeuwen C., Wald L., Huard F., Gaudillère J.-P., Saur E., 2008. "Using remotely sensed solar radiation data for reference evapotranspiration estimation at daily time step". Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148, 619-630, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.11.005.



Cano et al. 1986 Cano D., Monget J.-M., Albuisson M., Guillard H., Regas N., Wald L., 1986. "A method for the determination of the global solar radiation from meteorological satellites data" Solar Energy, 37, 1, 31-39. Heliosat

Content: In this publication, Cano et al. recommended to apply the Heliosat-2 method only for the slots when the sun is above 18° of elevation. We decided to slightly descrease this threshold to 12° in our implementation of Heliosat-2 (HelioClim-3).

Cano 1982 Cano D., 1982. "Etude de l'ennuagement par analyse de séquences d'images de satellite. Application à l'évaluation du rayonnement solaire global au sol" Thèse de Doctorat, Ecole nationale supérieure des télécommunications, Paris, France. Heliosat


Collares-Pereira and Rabl 1979 Collares-Pereira M. and A. Rabl, 1979. "The average distribution of solar radiation-correlations between diffuse and hemispherical and between daily and hourly insolation values" Solar Energy, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 155-164. from daily GHI into intra-day GHI


Cros et al. 2006 Cros S., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2006. "Simulating Meteosat-7 broadband radiances at high temporal resolution using two visible channels of Meteosat-8". Solar Energy, 80, 3, 361-367, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2005.01.012. Heliosat-2


Cros et al. 2004 Cros S., Lefèvre M., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2004. "From meteorological satellite data to solar radiation climatological products: the HelioClim database". European Geophysical Union, 1st general assembly, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 6, April 2004, EGU04-A-03853. HelioClim


Cros 2004 Cros S., 2004. "Création d'une climatologie du rayonnement solaire incident en ondes courtes à l'aide d'images satellitales (Design of an incident shortwave solar radiation climatology using satellite images)". Thèse de Doctorat en Energetique, Ecole des Mines de Paris, 13 septembre 2004, 157 pages. HelioClim


Cros et al. 2004 Cros S., Albuisson M., Lefèvre M., Rigollier C., Wald L., 2004. "HelioClim: a long-term database on solar radiation for Europe and Africa". In Proceedings of Eurosun 2004, published by PSE GmbH, Freiburg, Germany, pp. (3)916-920, ISBN 3-9809656-4-3. HelioClim


Cros et al. 2004 Cros S., Chriqi R., Albuisson M., Wald L., Dahman Saidi A., Bennouna M., 2004. "Integration of Meteosat-derived data and digital terrain model into a GIS for local atlases of solar radiation". European Geophysical Union, 1st general assembly, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 6, April 2004, EGU04-A-06543. HelioClim


Demarcq 1985 Demarcq H., 1985. "Applications de la télédétection infrarouge et visible en océanographie. Etude de la zone de dilution rhodanienne, observation des zones de production dans le golfe du Lion, et estimation de l'éclairement solaire global en Méditerranée occidentale". Thèse 3ème Cycle, Univ. Aix-Marseille II. Heliosat


Diabaté et al. 2004 Diabate L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., 2004. "Solar radiation climate in Africa". Solar Energy, 76, 733-744. ESRA


Diabaté et al. 2003 Diabaté L., Remund J., Wald L., 2003. "Linke turbidity factors for several sites in Africa". Solar Energy, 75, 2, 111-119. Linke turbidity factor


Diabaté et al. 1995 Diabaté L., Wald L., 1995. "An attempt to estimate the diffuse component of solar radiation on horizontal plane from satellite images", African Journal of Science and Technology, 11, 1, 39-44. Heliosat


Diabaté et al. 1989 Diabaté L., Moussu G., Wald L., 1989. "Description of an operational tool for determining global solar radiation at ground using geostationary satellite images". Solar Energy, 42, 3, 201-207. Heliosat


Diabaté 1989 Diabaté L., 1989. "Détermination du rayonnement solaire à l'aide d'images satellitaires". Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences, Ecole des Mines de Paris, 272 p. Heliosat


Diabaté et al. 1989 Diabaté L., Michaud-Regas N., Wald L., 1989. "Mapping the ground albedo of Western Africa and its time evolution during 1984 using Meteosat visible data". Remote Sensing of Environment, 27, 3, 211-222, 1989. Ground reflectance / albedo


Diabaté et al. 1988 Diabaté L., Demarcq H., Michaud-Regas N., Wald L., 1988. "Estimating incident solar radiation at the surface from images of the Earth transmitted by geostationary satellites : the Heliosat Project". International Journal of Solar Energy, 5, 261-278. Heliosat


Dogniaux et al. 1984 Dogniaux R., Grueter J. W., Kasten F., Page J. K., Perrin de Brichambaut C., Treble F. C., Palz W., 1984. "Solar Meteorology (Units and Symbols)" International Journal of Solar Energy, 2, 249-255. Units and solar radiation terminology


Eissa et al. 2015 Eissa Y., M. Korany, Y. Aoun, M. Boraiy, M. Abdel Wahab, S. Alfaro, P. Blanc, M. El-Metwally, H. Ghedira and L. Wald, 2015. "Validation of the surface downwelling solar irradiance estimates of the HelioClim-3 database in Egypt". Remote Sensing, 7, 9269-9291, 2015, doi:10.3390/rs70709269. HelioClim-3


Eissa et al. 2015 Eissa Y., Munawwar S., Oumbe A., Blanc P., Ghedira H., Wald L., Bru H., Goffe D., 2015. "Validating surface downwelling solar irradiances estimated by the McClear model under cloud-free skies in the United Arab Emirates", Solar Energy, 114, 17-31, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2015.01.017. McClear


Erbs, Klein and Duffie 1982 Erbs D.G., S.A. Klein and J.A. Duffie, 1982. "Estimation of the Diffuse Radiation Fraction for Hourly, Daily and Monthly-average Global Radiation", Solar Energy, Vol. 28, N°4, pp. 293-302. from GHI to DHI


Erbs 1980 Erbs, D.G., 1980. "Methods For Estimating the Diffuse Fraction of Hourly, Daily, and Monthly-Average Global Solar Radiation", Masters Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1980. from GHI to DHI


Espinar et al. 2012 Bella Espinar, Philippe Blanc, Lucien Wald, Carsten Hoyer-Klick, Marion Schroedter Homscheidt, et al. 2012. "On quality control procedures for solar radiation and meteorological measures, from subhourly to montly average time periods" EGU General Assembly 2012, Apr 2012, Vienne, Austria. Quality check

Comment: Poster recapitulative of QC procedures

Espinar et al. 2012 Espinar B., P. Blanc, L. Wald, B. Gschwind, L. Ménard, E. Wey, C. Thomas, L. Saboret, 2012. "HelioClim-3: a near-real time and long-term surface solar irradiance database". Workshop on Remote Sensing Measurements for Renewable Energy, May 2012, Risoe, Denmark. HelioClim-3 v3 quality check


Espinar et al. 2009 Espinar, B., Ramírez, L., Polo, J., Zarzalejo, L.F., Wald, L., 2009. "Analysis of the influences of uncertainties in input variables on the outcomes of the Heliosat-2 method". Solar Energy, 83, 1731-1741, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2009.06.010. Heliosat-2


Geiger et al. 2002 Geiger M., L. Diabaté, L. Ménard, L. Wald, 2002. "A Web service for controlling the quality of global solar irradiation" Solar Energy, Elsevier, vol. 73 (6), pp.475-480 ESRA (Clear sky model and Linke), Quality check


Gelaro et al. 2017 Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M.J. Suárez, R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M.G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J.E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S.D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao, 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)" J. Climate, 2017, MERRA-2


Grüter et al.  1986 Grüter W., Guillard H., Möser W., Monget J.-M., Palz W., Raschke E., Reinhardt R.E., Schwarzmann P., Wald L., 1986. "Determination of solar radiation at ground level from images of the earth transmitted by meteorological satellites, Solar Energy R&D in the European Community, Series F, vol. 4: Solar radiation data from satellite images", D. Reidel Publishing Co. for the Commission of the European Communities, 100 pp. Heliosat (original)


Gschwind 2007 Gschwind B., Ménard L., Ranchin T., Wald L., and Stackhouse P., 2006. "A proposal for a thesaurus for web services in solar radiation".O. Hryniewiez, J. Studzinski and M. Romaniuk. EnviroInfo 2007, Varsovie, Poland. Shaker Verlag, vol. 1, pp.135-142. SoDa


Gschwind 2006 Gschwind B., Ménard L., Albuisson M., Wald L. 2006. "Converting a successful research project into a sustainable service: the case of the SoDa Web service" Environmental Modelling and Software, Elsevier, vol. 21, pp.1555-1561. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2006.05.002 SoDa website


Gschwind et al. 2005 Gschwind B., Ménard L., Albuisson M., Wald L. 2005. "Three years of experience with the SoDa Web service delivering solar radiation information: lessons learned and perspectives". 19th International Conference Informatics for environmental protection EnviroInfo, Sept. 2005, Brno, Czech Republic. pp.95-102. SoDa


Gueymard 2008 Gueymard C., 2008. "From global horizontal to global tilted irradiance", Solar 2008 Conf., San Diego, CA, American Solar Energy Society Compute GTI from GHI


Holben et al. 2001 Holben B.N., D.Tanré, A.Smirnov, T.F.Eck, I.Slutsker, N. Abuhassan, W.W. Newcomb, J.S. Schafer, B Chatenet, F. Lavenu, Y.J.Kaufman, J. Vande Castle, A.Setzer, B.Markham, D. Clark, R. Frouin, R. Halthore, A.Karneli, N. T. O'Neill, C. Pietras, R.T. Pinker, K. Voss, G. Zibordi, 2001. "An emerging ground-based aerosol climatology. Aerosol optical depth from AERONET", Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, Issue D11, 12067–12097. DOI: 10.1029/2001JD900014 Aerosol optical properties


Huld et al. 2012 Huld T., R. Müller and A. Gambardella, 2012. "A new solar radiation database for estimating PV performance in Europe and Africa", Solar Energy vol. 86, pp.: 1803-1815 PVGIS


ISO Guide 1995 ISO Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement: first edition, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995 Validation protocol


Jones et al. 2017 Jones P. D., C. Harpham, A. Troccoli, B. Gschwind, T. Ranchin, L. Wald, C.M. Goodess, and S. Dorling, 2017. "Using ERA-Interim Reanalysis output for creating datasets of energy-relevant climate variables", Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., doi:10.5194/essd-2016-67, in review. ERA-Interim


Kasten 1996 Kasten F., 1996. The Linke turbidity factor based on improved values of the integral Rayleigh optical thickness. Solar Energy, 56 (3), 239-244. Linke Turbidity Factor


König-Langlo 2015 König-Langlo G., A. Driemel, B. Raffel, R. Sieger, 2015. "BSRN snapshot 2015-09, links to zip archives", doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.852720 BSRN data

König-Langlo 2014 König-Langlo G., A. Bücker, F. Richter, R. Sieger, 2014. "BSRN snapshot 2014-06 in two ZIP archives (5.63 GB)", doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.833428 BSRN data


Lefèvre and Wald 2016

Lefèvre M. and Wald L., 2016. "Validation of the McClear clear-sky model in desert conditions with three stations in Israel". Advances in Science and Research, 13, 21-26, 2016, doi:10.5194/asr-13-21-2016.



Lefèvre et al. 2014 Lefèvre M., Blanc P., Espinar B., Gschwind B., Ménard L., Ranchin T., Wald L., Saboret L., Thomas C., Wey E., 2014. "The HelioClim-1 database of daily solar radiation at Earth surface: an example of the benefits of GEOSS Data-CORE". IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 7(5), 1745-1753, 2014, doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2013.2283791. HelioClim-1


Lefèvre et al. 2013 Lefèvre M., A. Oumbe, P. Blanc, B. Espinar, B. Gschwind, Z. Qu, L. Wald, M. Schroedter-Homscheidt, C. Hoyer-Klick, A. Arola, A. Benedetti, J. W. Kaiser, and J.-J.  Morcrette, 2013. "McClear: a new model estimating downwelling solar radiation at ground level in clear-sky conditions", Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2403-2418, doi:10.5194/amt-6-2403-2013. McClear


Lefèvre et al. 2007 Lefèvre M., Wald L., Diabaté L., 2007. "Using reduced data sets ISCCP-B2 from the Meteosat satellites to assess surface solar irradiance". Solar Energy, 81, 240-253. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2006.03.008

Heliosat-2, HelioClim-1,



Lefèvre et al. 2004  Lefèvre M., Cros S., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2004. "Developing a database using Meteosat data for the delivery of solar radiation assessments at ground level". In Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Annual Symposium "Remote Sensing in Transition", 2-4 June 2003, Ghent, Belgium, Rudi Goossens editor, Milpress, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 485-489. HelioClim


Lefèvre et al. 2004 Lefèvre M., Albuisson M., Ranchin T., Wald L., Remund J., 2004. "Fusing ground measurements and satellite-derived products for the construction of climatological maps in atmosphere optics". In Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Annual Symposium "Remote Sensing in Transition", 2-4 June 2003, Ghent, Belgium, Rudi Goossens editor, Milpress, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 85-91. Fusing measurements and satellite data


Lefèvre et al. 2002 Lefèvre M., Remund J., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2002. "Study of effective distances for interpolation schemes in meteorology". European Geophysical Society, 27th General Assembly, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 4, April 2002, EGS02-A-03429. Interpolation of data


Lefèvre et al. 2002 Lefèvre M., Rigollier C., Cros S., Wald L., 2002. "Toward a solar climatological database: the HelioClim project". In Proceedings of 22nd EARSeL Annual Symposium "Geoinformation for European-wide integration", 4-6 June 2002, Prague, Czech Republic. Tomas Benes editor, Millpress, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 223-228. HelioClim


Lefèvre et al. 2002 Lefèvre M., Rigollier C., Cros S., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2002. "A shortwave radiation database to support GODAE-related activities". Proceedings of the International Symposium "En route to GODAE", 13-15 June 2002, Biarritz, France. Published by CNES, Toulouse, France, 2002, pp. 157-158. HelioClim


Lefèvre et al. 2000 Lefèvre M., Bauer O., Iehle A., Wald L., 2000. "An automatic method for the calibration of time-series of Meteosat images". International Journal of Remote Sensing, 21, 5, 1025-1045. Calibration of satellite data


Marchand et al. 2017

Marchand, M., Al-Azri, N., Ombe-Ndeffotsing, A., Wey, E., and Wald, L., 2017. "Evaluating meso-scale change in performance of several databases of hourly surface irradiation in South-eastern Arabic Pensinsula", Adv. Sci. Res., 14, 7-15, doi:10.5194/asr-14-7-2017.

HelioClim-3 version 5, Validation


Marie-Joseph et al. 2013 Isabelle Marie-Joseph, Laurent Linguet, Marie-Line Gobinddass, Lucien Wald. "On the applicability of the Heliosat-2 method to assess surface solar irradiance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone, French Guiana". International Journal of Remote Sensing, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 34 (8), pp.3012-3027. <10.1080/01431161.2012.756598> Heliosat-2


Michaud-Regas 1986 Michaud-Regas N., 1986. "Mise en oeuvre et validation d'une méthode opérationnelle et automatique pour l'évaluation d'atlas solaires en Europe à l'aide de mesures satellitaires Meteosat"  Thèse de Doctorat, Univ. Paris VII, Paris, France. Heliosat


Moussu et al. 1989 Moussu G., Diabaté L., Obrecht D., Wald L., 1989. "A method for the mapping of the apparent ground brightness using visible images from geostationary satellites". International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10, 7, 1207-1225. Ground reflectance / albedo


Moussu 1988 Moussu G., 1988. "Définition d'une méthodologie de détection de phénomènes dynamiques dans une chronique d'images, et son application à quelques études". Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences, Univ. Nice. Heliosat


Mueller et al. 2004 Mueller R.W., Dagestad K.F., Ineichen P., Schroedter M., Cros S., Dumortier D., Kuhlemann R., Olseth J.A., Piernavieja G., Reise C., Wald L., Heinnemann D., 2004. Rethinking satellite based solar irradiance modelling - The SOLIS clear sky module. Remote Sensing of Environment, 91, 160-174. Clear-sky model


Muneer 1990 Muneer T., 1990. "Solar radiation model for Europe." Building Serv. Eng. Res. Techno., Vol. 11, pp. 153-163. Decomposition of GHI into DHI

Content: anisotropic model for the decomposition on the Global Horizontal Irradiation component into Diffuse Horizontal Irradiation component. Also from DHI to Diffuse Irradiation over a tilted plane.

Ohmura et al. 1998 Ohmura, A., Gilgen, H., Hegner, H., Mueller, G., Wild, M., Dutton, E. G., Forgan, B., Froelich, C., Philipona, R., Heimo, A., Koenig-Langlo, G., McArthur, B., Pinker, R., Whitlock, C. H., and Dehne, K.: Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN/WCRP): New precision radiometry for climate research. B. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 1998, 79, 2115–2136 BSRN


Obrecht 1990 Obrecht D., 1990. "Météorologie solaire et images satellitaires : cartographie du rayonnement solaire, détermination de l'albédo des sols et évaluation de l'ennuagement", Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences, Univ. Nice. Heliosat


Oumbe et al. 2014 Oumbe A., Z. Qu, P. Blanc, M. Lefèvre, L. Wald, S. Cros, 2014. "Decoupling the effects of clear atmosphere and clouds to simplify calculations of the broadband solar irradiance at ground level". Geoscientific Model Development, 7, 1661-1669, 2014, doi:10.5194/gmd-7-1661-2014. Corrigendum, 7, 2409-2409, 2014. Decoupling cloudless atmosphere and cloud effects


Oumbe et al. 2011 Oumbe A., Blanc Ph., Gschwind B., Lefèvre M., Qu Z., Schroedter-Homscheidt M., Wald L., 2011. "Solar irradiance in clear atmosphere: study of parameterisations of change with altitude". Advances in Sciences and Research, 6, 199-203, doi: 10.5194/asr-6-199-2011. Clear-sky and altitude correction


Page et al. 2001 Page J., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2001. "The European Solar Radiation Atlas: a valuable digital tool". Solar Energy, 71, 81-83, doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(00)00157-2 ESRA (clear-sky model and Linke)


Perez et al. 1993 Perez R., R. Seals, and J. Michalsky, 1993. "All-weather model for sky luminance distribution - Preliminary configuration and validation", Solar Energy, Vol. 50, N°3, pp.235-2345. 0038-092X/93 - $6.00 - Copyright 1993 Pergamon Press Ltd. Decomposition models

Content: anisotropic model for the decomposition on the GHI into DHI

Perez and Seals 1987 Perez R., and R. Seals, 1987. "A new simplified version of the Perez diffuse irradiance model for tilted surfaces", Solar Energy, Vol. 39, N°3, pp. 221-231. 0038-092X/87 - $3.00 - Copyright 1987 Pergamon Journals Ltd. DHI into DTI

Content: Derive the Diffuse component over a tilted surface from the Diffuse component over the horizontal plane

Qu et al. 2016 Qu, Z., Oumbe, A., Blanc, P., Espinar, B., Gesell, G., Gschwind, B., Klüser, L., Lefèvre, M., Saboret, L., Schroedter-Homscheidt, M., and Wald L., 2016. "Fast radiative transfer parameterisation for assessing the surface solar irradiance: The Heliosat-4 method". Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 26, pp. 33-57, doi:10.1127/metz/2016/0781. Heliosat-4


Qu et al. 2014 Qu Z., B. Gschwind, M. Lefevre, and L. Wald, 2014. "Improving HelioClim-3 estimates of surface solar irradiance using the McClear clear-sky model and recent advances in atmosphere composition", Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3927-3933, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3927-2014 (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License) HelioClim-3 v3 + McClear


Qu 2013

Qu, Z.: Modeling radiative transfer in cloudy atmosphere to assess surface solar irradiance (in French), Ph.D thesis, MINES ParisTech, 202 p., 2013.

Heliosat, HelioClim


Qu et al. 2011 Qu, Z., Blanc, Ph., Lefèvre, M., Wald, L., Oumbe, A., 2011. "Study of the MLB parameterisation for change in surface solar irradiance with sun zenith angle in clear sky". Advances in Sciences and Research, 6, 233-236, 2011, doi:10.5194/asr-6-233-2011. Clear-sky


Remund et al. 2003 Remund J., Wald L., Lefèvre M., Ranchin T., Page J, 2003. "Worldwide Linke turbidity information", Proceedings of ISES Solar World Congress, 16-19 June 2003, Göteborg, Sweden. CD-ROM published by International Solar Energy Society.  Linke turbidity factor


Remund et al. 2003 Remund J., Wald L., Page, J., 2003. "Chain of algorithms to calculate advanced radiation parameters". Proceedings of ISES Solar World Congress, 16-19 June 2003, Göteborg, Sweden. HelioClim


Rigollier et al. 2004 Rigollier C., M. Lefèvre, L. Wald, 2004. "The method Heliosat-2 for deriving shortwave solar radiation from satellite images", Solar Energy 77(2), pp. 159-169, 2004, doi 10.1016/j.solener.2004.04.017



Rigollier et al. 2002 Rigollier C., Lefèvre M., Blanc Ph., Wald L., 2002. "The operational calibration of images taken in the visible channel of the Meteosat-series of satellites". Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 19, 9, 1285-1293. Calibration of satellite data


Rigollier et al. 2001 The new method HELIOSAT-II. Report 1 to the European Commission, April 2001. (plus some figures in Word file). Report 2, June 2001. Heliosat-2


Rigollier et al. 2000 Rigollier C, Bauer O, Wald L, 2000. "On the clear sky model of the 4th European Solar Radiation Atlas with respect to the Heliosat method", Solar Energy, 68, 1, 33-48. doi: 10.1016/S0038-092X(99)00055-9 ESRA (clear-sky model and Linke)


Rigollier et al. 2000 Rigollier C, M. Albuisson, C. Delamare, D. Dumortier, M. Fontoynont, E. Gaboardi, S. Gallino, D. Heinnemann, M. Kleih, S. Kunz, et al., 2000. "Exploitation of distributed solar radiation databases through a smart network: the project SoDa", EuroSun 2000, Jun 2000, Copenhagen, Denmark. SoDa


Rigollier 2000 Rigollier C, 2000. "Vers un accès à une climatologie du rayonnement solaire : estimation de l'irradiation globale à partir d'images satellitales", thèse de Doctorat en Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication, Université Nice - Sophia Antipolis, 194 p. Heliosat-2 Heliosat-2


Roesch et al. 2011 Roesch, A., Wild, M., Ohmura, A., Dutton, E.G., Long, C.N., and Zhang, T., 2011. 'Assessment of BSRN radiation records for the computation of monthly means', Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 339–354, doi:10.5194/amt-4-339-2011, 2011. Corrigendum, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 973-973, doi:10.5194/amt-4-973-2011. BSRN


Ruiz-Arias 2009

Ruiz-Arias J.A., 2009. "Modelization of the Terrain's morphology Influence on the Solar Radiation Field at the Earth's surface". Doctoral Thesis (PhD) eq. 4.34, University of Jaé, April 2009, 202 p.

from GHI to DHI


Scharmer et al. 2000 Scharmer K., J.K. Page. L. Wald, M. Albuisson, G. Czeplak, B. Bourges, H. Lund, A. Joukoff, U.Terzenbach, H.G. Beyer, E.P. Borisenkov, 2000. "European Solar Radiation Atlas", 4th ed., Presses de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris: Paris, France,  Volumes 1 and 2. ESRA (clear-sky model and Linke)


Schroedter-Homscheidt et al. 2016 Schroedter-Homscheidt M., A. Arola, N. Killius, M. Lefèvre, L. Saboret, W. Wandji, L. Wald, E. Wey, 2016. "The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) Radiation Service in a nutshell", SolarPACES 2016, 11-14 October 2016, Abu Dhabi, UAE. CAMS-RAD service


Sengupta et al. 2012

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Pyranometers versus cell devices


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Solar Radiation Atlas of Africa, 1991. Edited by E. Raschke, R. Stuhlmann, W. Palz, T. C. Steemers. Published for the Commission of the European Communities by A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 155 p.



Thomas et al. 2016

Thomas C., E. Wey, P. Blanc, L. Wald, M. Lefèvre, 2016. "Validation of HelioClim-3 version 4, HelioClim-3 version 5 and MACC-RAD using 14 BSRN stations". SHC 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, 2-4 December 2015. Energy Procedia, 91, 1059-1069, 2016.

HC3v4, HC3v5, CAMS-RAD comparison


Thomas et al. 2016 Thomas C., Wey E., Blanc P., Wald L, 2016. "Validation of three satellite-derived databases of surface solar radiation using measurements performed at 42 stations in Brazil". Advances in Science and Research, 13, 81-86, 2016, doi:10.5194/asr-13-81-2016. HC3v4, HC3v5, CAMS-RAD comparison


Thomas et al. 2016 Thomas C., Saboret L., Wey E., Blanc P., Wald L, 2016. "Validation of the new HelioClim-3 version 4 real-time and short-term forecast service using 14 BSRN stations". Advances in Science and Research, 13, 129-136, 2016, doi:10.5194/asr-13-129-2016 HC3v4 real-time and short term forecast service


Thomas et al. 2011 Poster, workshop COST ES1002 WIRE (Weather Intelligence for Renewable Energies), March 22-24th 2011. SoDa products


Vernay et al. 2013 Vernay C., Blanc P. and S. Pitaval, 2013. "Characterizing measurements campaigns for an innovative calibration approach of the global horizontal irradiation estimated by HelioClim-3", Renewable Energy, Vol., Sept. 2013, pp. 339–347. Calibration efficiency

Content: Calibration efficiency as a function of the duration and the beginning of the measurement campaign

Vernay et al. 2012 Vernay C., Pitaval S. and P. Blanc, 2012. "Calibration of long-term global horizontal irradiation estimated by HelioClim-3 through short-term local measurement campaigns: extending of the results to European and African sites" World Renewable Energy Forum, Denver, United States (2012) Calibration efficiency

Content: Calibration efficiency as a function of the duration and the beginning of the measurement campaign

Vernay et al. 2011 Christophe Vernay, Sébastien Pitaval, Philippe Blanc, 2013. "Review of satellite-based surface solar irradiation databases for the engineering, the financing and the operating of photovoltaic systems", ISES Solar World Congress, Cancun, Mexico. Comparison of 16 radiation databases


Wald 2013

Wald L., 2013, "HelioClim-1: 21-years of daily values in solar radiation in one-click". In Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Environmental Informatics - Informatics for Environmental Protection, Sustainable Development and Risk Management, p. 143, Eds Bernd Page, Andreas G. Fleischer, Johannes Göbel, Volker Wohlgemuth, Hamburg, 2-4 September 2013, Germany.



Wald et al. 2011 Wald L., P. Blanc, B. Espinar, B. Gschwind, M. Lefevre, et al. 2011. "Early achievements towards an automatic assessment of the uncertainty in solar irradiation using web services", Pillmann W., Schade S., Smits P. 25th EnviroInfo Conference Environmental Informatics, Oct. 2011, Ispra, Italy. Shaker Verlag, Aachen, Germany, Vol. 1, pp.309-318  Quality check

Comment: the model for estimating lower and upper bounds is described in section 4 of this paper.

Wald et al. 2011 Wald L., Blanc Ph., Lefèvre M., Gschwind B., 2011. "The performances of the HelioClim databases in Mozambique". In Proceedings ISES Solar World Congress 2011, 28 August – 2 September 2011, Kassel, Germany. Vol "Resource Assessment", pp. 268-275. HelioClim-1


Wald 2007 Wald L., 2007. "Solar radiation energy (fundamentals)". In Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems, edited by Julian Blanco and Sixto Malato, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK, [] Solar radiation energy fundamentals


Wald et al. 2004 Wald L., M. Albuisson, C. Best, C. Delamare, D. Dumortier, E. Gaboardi, A. Hammer, D. Heinnemann, R. Kift, S. Kunz, et al., 2004. "SoDa: a Web service on solar radiation", Eurosun 2004, Freiburg, Germany. PSE. GmbH, vol. 3, pp.921-927 SoDa


Wald et al. 2003 Wald L., Ranchin T., Lefèvre M., Albuisson M., Remund J., 2003. "Increasing the spatial resolution of gridded data by fusion with other data sets". In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Fusion, Cairns, Australia, 8-11 July 2003, pp. 168-173. Image fusion


Wald et al. 2002

Wald L., Albuisson M., Best C., Delamare C., Dumortier D., Gaboardi E., Hammer A., Heinemann D., Kift R., Kunz S., Lefèvre M., Leroy S., Martinoli M., Ménard L., Page J., Prager T., Ratto C., Reise C., Remund J., Rimoczi-Paal A., Van der Goot E., Vanroy F., and Webb A., 2002. "SoDa: a project for the integration and exploitation of networked solar radiation databases". In: Environmental Communication in the Information Society, W. Pillmann, K. Tochtermann Eds, Part 2, pp. 713-720. Published by the International Society for Environmental Protection, Vienna, Austria.

SoDa website


Wald et al. 1992 Wald L., Wald J.-L., Moussu G., 1992. "A technical note on a low-cost high-quality system for the acquisition and digital processing of images of WEFAX type provided by meteorological geostationary satellites", International Journal of Remote Sensing, 13, 5, 911-916. Heliosat


Wald 1990 Wald L., 1990. "Monitoring the decrease of Lake Chad from space". Geocarto International, 5, 3, 31-36, 1990. Ground reflectance / albedo


Wey et al. 2012 Wey E., Thomas C., Blanc P., Espinar B., Mouadine M., Bouhamidi M.H., Belkabir Y, 2012. "A fusion method for creating sub-hourly DNI-based TMY from long-term satellite-based and short-term ground-based irradiation data". In Proceedings SolarPACES 2012, 11-14 September 2012, Marrakech, Morocco, USBKey Paper#22983 TMY


WMO 2008 WMO: Guide to meteorological instruments and methods of observation, World Meteorological Organization, WMO - No 8, 7th Edn., Geneva, Switzerland, 2008. Quality check recommendations


WMO 1981 WMO, 1981. Technical Note N° 172, WMO-No. 554, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 121-123. Validation protocol


Zhipeng et al. 2012 Zhipeng Qu, Benoît Gschwind, Mireille Lefevre, Lucien Wald. "Improving satellite-derived estimates of surface solar irradiance using a clear-sky model exploiting recent data sets on aerosol properties". EMS Annual Meeting 2012, Sep 2012, Lodz, Poland. <hal-00741622> McClear

Content: HelioClim-3 version 3 compared to HC3v3-McClear

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